Automated car are being assumed as the complete automated transport solution to save time, attain high luxury experience and reduce the theft and loss of vehicle. Automated car are digital technology powered vehicles to reduce accidents and enhance customer satisfaction. Report will discuss three alternative design solutions and evaluate them for cost and development efforts. Report will also discuss the selection of solution with clear justification and focus on the checklist of design to ensure achievement for project.
Brainstorming for Innovative ideas for Fully Automated Car
Brainstorming is a method that is carried out for the purpose of deriving the innovative ideas for any subject. This method involves the contribution of all members in a group and the individuals of the group provide spontaneous ideas for the subject. The project development team for the development of parts of a fully automated car is also suggested to derive ideas with the help of brainstorming (Wilson, 2013). This method will help in an open discussion regarding the development of a fully automated car and the requirements for its parts. The brainstorming session for the current project derived the below given ideas.
Innovative Ideas Derived From Brainstorming
Alternative solution 1: ITS design
The individuals in the brainstorming session firstly suggested the idea of ITS technology. This technology involves the hardware as well as software elements of the design of the parts of an automated car. There is a major role of the operation research in this technique as it facilitates the utilization of the complete potential of the technique. In ITS two major ideas for the development of parts of an automated car are "ATIS (Advanced Traveller Information System)" and "ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance System)". Both these methods will focus on the state of the art automation and wireless technologies and therefore helps in the control and design f the supply of transportation. Also these methods focus on the development of hardware backgrounds strongly in accordance with the algorithms and methods. This will help in the improvement of the potential for the development of automated parts.
Figure 1: Google automated car
(Source: Google automated car, 2017)
Alternative solution 2: GIS design
Another method that was suggested during the brainstorming session was GIS. That supports the optimization of the supply chain for the identification of strategies for the minimization of the costing of the costing of the project with the help of reducing the consumption of fossil fuels (Jarmai, and Bollo, 2017).
Alternative solution 3: Automatic Breaking system
Lastly the method of ABS that refers to the Anti Breaking system that involves the high automation and was suggested during the brainstorming session was high automation driving system which is a complex yet effective method for this purpose. In this method there is no requirement of a driver to drive this car but there are limited functions that this car can perform due to the absence of the driver. The complete control of the system is with the system and it also involves the features of anti-theft.
Figure 2: GIS/GPS in operation
(GIS in automated car, 2017)
Costs and potential of future development as per the ideas derived in brainstorming
The ideas derived from the brainstorming sessions of the project development team for this project were ITS, GIS and High Automation (Kerschbaum, et al. 2015). The evaluation of these methods as per their costing and potential of future development is as follows:
ITS can be said as the most expensive method among all the three methods as it requires the operational research for the development of the parts of an automated car and it also has to involve two systems i.e. ATIS and ADAS. On the other hand the GIS will facilitate the more cost effective development of the parts of an automated car as compared to ‘ITS' with the help of deduction in the consumption of fuel. On the top of that the method of ABS is moderately expensive but satisfies the requirements of the project in the best possible ways.
The future potential of all the three ideas can be anticipated by the leaders of the product development team. The future potential of ‘ITS' is moderate as it is based on current operational research and this research will not be applicable in the long run due to the continuously changing technology. On the other hand GIS also has limited future potential as reduction in consumption of fossil fuels can be carried out by various other methods and this technology can also soon be over-shadowed by better fuel saving technologies (Nkoro, and Vershinin, 2014). But ABS is the most effective technique in terms of future potential as it is involving automation of the car and anti-theft both of which facilitate the fulfilment of the objectives of the project and are necessary features and they will be useful even after the change in technology.
TASK 3 and M1
Optimal design solution
Project to design the components for the fully automated car has consideration of cost and future potentials. From the defined set of solutions, it is recommended to use the high automation based solution because fully automation is not yet achieved and there is need of further improvements in technologies. However to attain the fully automation vehicles, it is required to focus and build the components like automated traveler information system (ATIS) and advance driver-assistance system (ADAS).
Major reason behind the selection of the technological design is to eliminate the traffic and improve the driving capabilities. ATIS is useful to collect the traffic related information from nearby users and build a map in real-time to suggest the path with minimal traffic and congestions. This is useful to automate the cars with high speed and optimal time based arrival on specific location. The dynamic data collection and processing in real-time is used to assist the sensors to chose the effective path and make subsequent changes in power utilization, braking capacity and driving directions. ATIS is required in design to support high speed transmission with effective utilization of the information from environment (Payre et al, 2014). The design is effective to meet the customer satisfaction and cost effectiveness for an automated car system.
Figure 3: ATIS and usability
(Source: ATIS in automated car, 2017)
At other side, another major component of automated car design is ADAS which is significant to assist in driving the car. However, the connection of ADAS can be used as input for the sensors in doors, safety balloons, transmission control, automatic breaking system and switching to manual mode. It is useful to assist the driver to control the car in case of incidents. In auto mode, the design is useful to support the functionality of automatic control of components like steering, brake, safety, theft control and transmission (Saffarian et al, 2012). In brief the solution is used as recommended design because of:
• High support to other sensors and digital functions in car to control the transmission in real-time.
• Easy integration and functionality to offer the robust security and safety of passengers. It is possible with real time data sharing, data availability and processing for faster decision making process.
Figure 4: ADAS in automated car
(Source: ADAS in cars, 2017)
Design review checklist
Design of the automated car for the ATIS and ADAS functionality can be tested through the following checklist which is useful to obtain the quality outcome in designing and ensure to meet the objectives of the organization and satisfaction of customers.
Table 1: design review checklist
Project planning related review
Ticks Design consideration Additional notes
√ Is project related data is collected and processed?
√ Is customer satisfaction achieved?
√ Is product design can be decomposed into modules to support high performance and productivity in designing along with easy maintenance at customer side?
√ Is activities are going on time and within cost? Explain if not. Yes, time related objectives are achieved but the cost of project might be negotiated.
√ Is there enough number of employees or need expert advice and recruitments? There is need of expertise on specific technical components.
Design specification related
√ Is design of product is sustainable to deliver effective returns and benefits?
X The requirement of automation is achieved cost effectively
√ How effective the design is to penetrate the market? Cost and features are properly balanced to attract the market.
√ How it can be used to deliver higher customer satisfaction? Faster processing and real-time availability of data can be used to meet customer satisfaction.
√ Is it is effective to automate the driving capabilities?
√ Is transmission is auto-controlled with proper balance to breaking system?
√ Traffic related information is collected and used real-time to control other components.
√ All the components of automated transport are working properly?
√ Customer satisfaction and feedback is collected? Feedbacks are collected but process is continued to reach an effective improvement.
Justification for selection of design
Project design is selected on the behalf of two major requirements in automated system: first is control of transmission with assistance to driver and second is avoidance of traffic or pre-knowledge of traffic in area. Both of requirements are also key factors to ensure the customer satisfaction in automated cars. The organization has to consider the design because it is effective to address both the requirements with involvement of effective techniques and technologies to support the overall automated components of transport.
ATIS in design uses the technique of continuous communication with nearby devices and broadcast from GIS servers. In this manner, the cars running on a way are connected to each other to share the data on traffic, their speed and destinations so that vehicle can set the parameters of own sensors and technologies to meet the demands. ATIS is useful to collect the broadcast from nearby devices and servers to know the upcoming traffic expectations and conditions (Barfield and Dingus, 2014). The same information is shared with internal components like brake control, power system, acceleration, security functions etc to ensure passenger's safety. The technology is selected because of cost effectiveness and potential utilization for further development in automation technology. In this manner, the technology supports the design to achieve a cost effective, robust and real-time information processing system.
The design is also supported with the utilization of advance driver-assistance system because there are exceptional conditions those might require to control the vehicle manually. In such cases, it is required to interact with driver for the traffic information, possible routes to destination, geo location and availability of security functions to users. All these are provided on the dashboard as the real-time data collection and processing to support the user in decision making process. The reason behind the use of design is to meet the expectations of customers or security, guided control and proper availability of information for surrounding (Eskandarian, 2012). In this manner, the design made up of both technologies is useful to meet the customer requirements and satisfactions under the defined constraints of cost and time.
The report has been discussed three design alternatives for an automated car system and concluded that design with ATIS and ADAS can be used to attain high customer satisfaction. The report has been discussed the brainstorming method to analyze the designs and evaluate them for cost and further development. Report has been discussed optimal design solution and checked the solution with defined checklist of outcomes. Report has been also justified the choice of design with clear focus on reasons and usability.