CONSTRUCTION PRACTICE AND MANAGEMENT
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Table of contents
Task 1.1 (P1) Explaining the development of construction industry and encompassed professionalism within its structure
Task 1.2 (P2) Scope and linkage between head office and site office structure within a construction organization
Rask 1.3 (P3) Type of contractual work tendered by contractors
Task 1.4 (M1) Industry development considering its structures, employees and constructed work
Task 1.5 (D1) Construction industries structure and business ethos
Task 2.1 (P4) Different types of construction companies in the market
Task 2.2 (P5) Relationship between different construction organizations
Task 2.3 (M2) Catalyst that connects construction companies, including contracts and trading
Task 2.4 (D2) Main factors that differentiate between construction companies, contracts and trading
Task 3.1 (P6) Modern construction process and sequences used in today's industry, highlighting the way they respond to sustainability needs
Task 3.2 (P7) Contract planning techniques used within micro and macro projects
Task 3.3 (P8) BIM impacts upon operations and construction companies
Task 3.4 (M3) Contraction development in terms of innovation, design and within contracts micro and macro projects and interrelationship with BIM
Task 3.5 (D3) Construction has developed and evolved in terms of innovative construction methods and contracts
Task 4.1 (P9) Explaining health and safety as integrated part of construction process
Task 4.2 (P10) Describing government legislation which has benchmarked health and safety within construction
Task 4.3 (P11) Discussing the role of collaboration and communication in ensuring safe working practices
Task 4.4 (M4) Demonstration on how the construction industry has benefited through changes in health and safety legislation
Evaluation of the impact of health and safety legislation and its evolvement, advantages or weaknesses within construction
The construction industry has designed to meet all kinds of needs of the clients. The construction team has brought together for different construction project and deliver new building within a certain range (Brockmann, Brezinski&Erbe, 2016). The development has also followed the legislation structure of Australia that helps to create extensive portfolio that is extremely influential in this segment.
Task 1.1 (P1)
Explaining the development of construction industry and encompassed professionalism within its structure
The construction industry in Australia valued approximately AUD150 billion and contribute 9% of GDP. The increased activity has specified from the year 2018 and 2019 that connects with rail, road projects, civil and telecommunication related infrastructure. The federal government of Australia has focused on the effective infrastructure plan that helps to gain more attention from the market for construction industry (Davis, Gajendran, Vaughan &Owi, 2016). The development of commercial construction activities like warehouse, retail buildings, industrial facilities and offices has shown 7.8% increase.
In order to successfully complete a project, it is necessary to complete the work within time along with quality. Professionals help to maintain the objectives and create the effective pathway based on future growth and development. The construction professionals have several specialists like some of them take care of the design and construction; others ensure the stable structure of the project along with quality. Further to this, the quantity surveyor takes care of the financial aspect of the project. Determination and self-regulation are the two main characteristics that engage the growth related aspect for managing construction projects.
Task 1.2 (P2)
Scope and linkage between head office and site office structure within a construction organization
The head office and site office structure for the construction industry need to manage effectively for long term development. Considering the various market related scope, it is essential to generate the proper framework based on the functions and performance. The appropriate work development plan and established management consideration also helps to align the material and human resources. The effective framework considering proper decision making approaches also need to manage. The approach of management considering leadership, work groups, behaviour and work process engagement has emphasized on the future growth and development aspect in an applicable manner.
The head-office and site office structure considers the planning of effective work procedure and stating the innovative implementation aspect as well. The structural engineers, mechanical engineers, electrical engineers and other technical staff need to collaborate and connect with each other for managing future work based aspects (Armstrong, Wright, Ashe & Nielsen, 2017). The functional departments along with the several other workers who take care of the initial planning also need to state in this aspect. Moreover, the financial department also need to serve information to the head and site office so that the work process can face symmetry in managing the overall action planning with implementation. Creating valuable and unique position is also important that helps in generating the proper development and growth related aspects for the rapid construction.
Task 1.3 (P3)
Type of contractual work tendered by contractors
Different types of contractual work that is tendered by the contractors and manages to system the overall process which is necessary to create future projects related to construction in an effective manner. The 4 common types of construction contracts that generate the effective pathway in this segment consists of-
• Time and material contracts when then entire scope of the project is not clear
• Unit pricing related contracts
• Cost plus contracts
• Fixed price or lump sum contract type that helps to generate better aspects in managing future work engagement
Initiating the step of several contractual procedure and engage with the applicable system assistance can generate better idea that supply the proper goods or services within a specific time (Tatum, 2018). In this aspect managing the proper time scale and considering the pricing technicalities also helpful as well. However, the procurement policies with the agreed price structure also need to generate properly so that the standard work follow up can able to maintain in a better manner.
Task 1.4 (M1)
Industry development considering its structures, employees and constructed work
The proper utilization of employees, materials and the effective management can generate the suitable pathway based on the long term assistance and development follow up in this aspect. Improvement of labor productivity in the construction industry along with the field serving technicalities can also deal with the suitable approaches based on the justifiable work engagement. Various innovation processes along with the mainstream construction activities thus follow the structure, employee requirement planning and suitable management engagement in this segment.
The structure of the construction industry concentrated on the various approaches based on the economic analysis and determination of the current market related factors. The performance model with the innovative design approaches initiated in this segment, it helps to outline the business characteristics and market competitiveness as well. The structured framework with system based dynamics helps to create the product homogeneity so that the system based engagement can able to put emphasis on the production processes, service and product management along with the wider market related activities in this segment. Assemble the constructed materials, innovation in production and taking care of the supportive work planning can consider the further development and progression. The degree of monopoly power determined its number of firms' size and employees as per the construction ratio. As per the product related homogeneity and resource moving segment has managed to concentrate on the influence of price and quantity of output (Suprun& Stewart, 2015).
The introduction of mechanization has managed to concentrate on the several advancements that follows effective pathway considering the continual change along with improvements. Considering the employees of construction project, it is important to put focus on various departments like the mechanical engineers, project planners, electricians, field work employees and financial planners for the project.
The constructed work has followed particular factor conditions, supporting and related industries vis a vie construction industry, demand conditions along with the firm's strategy, rivalry and structure.
Task 1.5 (D1)
Construction industries structure and business ethos
The construction industry in Australia is a significant driver of economic activities. Demand of the construction industry is driven by several economic factors incorporating interest rates, inflation, consumer sentiments, technological changes and commodity cycles. Demand for the construction industry focuses majorly on the pricing structure, employee management and infrastructure development. The supply chain for this industry is quite complex in nature and also encompasses manufacturing (equipment components or materials) along with services (surveying, lease management, engineering, consulting and design) (Murphy, Perera& Heaney, 2015). In the structure, the employment outlook with the project related activities also need to initiate particularly with the several work process involvement. The effective resource management aspect and stating the suitable government initiation can follow the technological development in the future. The resource based construction and the supply with automotive planning also needs to focus on this aspect.
One of the most important criteria that need to incorporate while describing the structure of the construction industry is the price processing with demand related formulation within a particular market.
Ethical consideration within the construction industry placed with the idea of moral philosophy, recommending and guiding behaviour of conduct. The business integrity segment and conduct the business follow up need to engage with the proper management follow up. The corporate social responsibility with the key factors of ethical approaches and environmental sustainability criteria within the construction industry need to structure properly. The standard and applicable work processing manages to system the several activities and honesty, integrity, fairness, fair reward, objectivity and accountability segment. The construction industry professionals deliberately need to follow the effective ethical segment that helps to concentrate on the long term development planning (Klitgaard et al. 2017). International Ethics Standards (IES) with the effective work approaches placed the suitable work process management that constructs the further work management. The areas of competence and managing the public interest with work proficiency under the ethical prospects also need to construct in this segment.
Task 2.1 (P4)
Different types of construction companies in the market
The different types of construction companies are present in the market that helps to manage the proper working aspects with the developed work engagement that initiates further development. The job the different construction industries perform, classifies the different types in this segment like-
• Small renovation contractors
• Owner builder
• General contractors
• Real estate developer
• Package builders
• Professional construction manager
• Sponsor builder
• Program manager
The different type of constructors help to generate the proper planning based on the requirement and they follows the suitable time and budget related aspect in this segment.
Task 2.2 (P5) Relationship between different construction organizations
Different construction organization has focused on the effective strategy formulation along with the pricing related criteria that assist to deliver better quality services to the clients. The professional constructors with the program and sponsor builder focus on the multi-level understanding segment that proposes the successful implementation planning. The rise of joint venture and proposing the stakeholder maintenance segment follows the collaborative work approaches based on the long term development follow up (Yañez-Figueroa, Ramírez-Montoya&García-Peñalvo, 2016). The owner builder plan things from initial stage and connects with the applicable system adjustment that helps to create the applicable work proposition. The general constructors follow the applicable system that manages to create the proper approaches based on the long term work efficiency so that the final outcome can face the proper work engagement.
On the other hand, the effective management relations among the different contractors insists the project related planning, cost overruns, delays and quality related any segment that follows the further long term engagement. Any kind of poor management needs to mitigate and cultivate the better framework based on the stakeholders arrangement and further budget planning segment. Managing the contractual agreements those who manage the real estate segment needs to confirm the payment and the parties' expectations in a proper manner (Suprun& Stewart, 2015). Networking is a central part in this segment that helps to correlate with the progression based work approaches.
Task 2.3 (M2) Catalyst that connects construction companies, including contracts and trading
The tender plays the main role as the catalyst that manage to create the proper approaches based on the supplier management and the project based implications connecting with future work approaches. In the construction process, the tender processes follows the selection of contractor that helps to manage the applicable system based indication that generates the procurement routes and manage the particular service and product management.
The construction companies also follows the trading based aspects that creates the effective design procedure that engage with the management aspects connecting with long term planning based assessment. The different companies also follow the integrated supply based aspects with the designers, main contractor, suppliers and the facility managers in order to create the structured work planning engagement. Irrespective of the nature of services and goods the effective innovative planning can process with the applicable long term engagement criteria. The larger projects with the suitable opportunity and service offering also needs to manage in this aspect so that the overall action planning and expression connecting with future work direction also can able to state in a perfect way (Huang & Shi, 2018). Keeping the track record and managing the work approaches also need to manage in this consideration. In this aspect, managing several contracts and understanding the further work involvement also propose to structure the proper negation approaches that involve the potential work engagement that manages to gain development and growth criteria.
Task 2.4 (D2)
Main factors that differentiate between construction companies, contracts and trading
The construction companies, trading and contracts have their different differences that follow the several arrangements considering the future based requirement in this segment. The financial planning with the delivery of physical goods with service delivery planning also need to access in this segment that connects with the security based approaches.
The advance trading process considers the effective strategy based on the different practices and policy based segment that manages to state the future aspects connecting with long term work criteria. in the contract, the parties get agreed and signed a paper that process with the applicable system by assessing the future work process segment.
An agreement in the contract follows the trading related norms and system along with standard work processing that engages the further work follow up. Creating the suitable agreement in the trading process can generate the work process direction that systematically considers the long term engagement. The various construction companies also manage to structure the financial derivatives that can connects with the proper investment structure with the proper management of investors (Reiman, Airaksinen, Väyrynen&Aaltonen, 2015). Underlying the security based asset management prospect helps to generate better pathway considering future implications based on directive work association that proposes the long term management planning is possible. The tailor made contract and standardization approaches also follow the engaged work processing that manages to concentrates on the future work approaches. The agreement between parties concentrates on the regulated market price structure and settled with suitable engagement and follows the work based association as well. Representing the various work process segment and managing the construction based approaches can generate the opening of the various actions and connects with particular purchase segment.
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Task 3.1 (P6)
Modern construction process and sequences used in today's industry, highlighting the way they respond to sustainability needs
The modern methods of construction connect with the various techniques that initiate the applicable work process indication and follow the suitable development based indication as well. Furthermore, the diverse work process segment and concentrating on the industry related requirements also development and suitable work formation planning.
MMC (Modern construction methods) engage with the applicable and developed work criteria that indicates suitable planning and design approaches that can reduce the time of construction and maintain proper sustainability. In the present scenario, several methods have been followed so that the widespread work application and the proper explained work planning with implementation segment. The different modern approaches are-
• 3D Volumetric Modules
• Precast Cladding Panels
• Precast Concrete Foundation
• Precast Flat Panel System
• Concrete Wall and Floors
• Concrete Formwork Insulation
• Precast Concrete Foundation
The sustainability needs is fulfilled by concentrating on the proper manufacturing, production and the supply chain management so that the construction industry can able to face the proper system based pathway. In order to achieve sustainability, it is important to follow the higher level of compliance and state the details that can initiate long term work process engagement as well (Forster et al. 2017). The business process in the construction industry has focused on the cost efficient and effective planning based approaches that can direct the future development and growth based follow up in an applicable manner. The holistic approach has been maintained and the employees have been trained properly that supports the further development based engagement. The benefits of prefabrication approaches also need to take in this segment so that the directive work planning association can able to maintain and state in an applicable manner (Raven, Kern, Verhees& Smith, 2016).
Task 3.2 (P7)
Contract planning techniques used within micro and macro projects
The contract planning techniques has been initiated to create and generate the structured work implication based on the system based segment connecting with micro and macro project of constriction.
Micro planning management considers the practical site implications that project the applicable system integration and construct the further approaches based on future work engagement in this aspect. The location based scheduling and considering the information system based criteria can able to generate better approaches by considering proper infrastructure and associate with the work flow segment with the management of location based information in an applicable manner. The directive work planning and the stated work channelling also initiates the practical site communication approaches based on the future services (Klitgaard et al. 2017). The hierarchical projection of the location and managing the structured work follow up can generate suitable application in future.
Macro contract planning assists the multiplied system association and considering the structured possibilities based on the applicable work process segment that presents the proper connectivity related engagement. The identification further connects with the physical location based structure and engages with the macro management criteria that process with applicable system adjustment interconnected with the contract.
Task 3.3 (P8)
BIM impacts upon operations and construction companies
Building information modelling and engage with the contractors, the designers can able to initiate the effective work prospect that manages the entire project along with them. Understanding the several project related requirements and work to maintain the construction programming cycle is an important aspect. There are basically four levels of BIM (0-3) that connects with the public procured projects and engage with the costing, several facilities and managing the time frame segment.
The impact of BIM has considered the cost modelling approaches and construction programming so that the applicable work process interface can able to generate in this segment. Any kind of work commencement planning and eliminating the problems and clashes also need to manage in this aspect so that diverse work implication can able to state. The contractors and clients also initiate the potential collaboration engagement that can follow up the design related liability and engage effective supply chain related procedure. The project suppliers with design qualifications consider the easily detected and virtual environment based processing that connects with the upfront design specifications and manage the applicable system in the commercial process. BIM's work assessment and process delivery engagement also connects with the prerequisite in the construction process.
Task 3.4 (M3)
Contraction development in terms of innovation, design and within contracts micro and macro projects and interrelationship with BIM
Innovation is a wide concept that engages with the applicable system based association and manages to create the proper interrelationship with BIM segment. Incorporation of new ideas and systematically manage the development and growth association in the segment of prototype and singular construction follow up also considers the future scope.
The different practices of the construction companies also initiates suitable engagement connecting with further benefits and implications so that the directive standard based criteria can able to state. The integrated system analysis and the design based projection state the proper control and improvement that access the long term work in this aspect. BIM helps to generate suitable improvement in the various planning based activities, improvement of the particularcompany's competitiveness and follows the entire strategy based criteria along with systematisation that generate suitable product knowledge. The design and innovation approaches also finds the corrective way that can follows the knowledge based association and further create client satisfaction in this segment.
Task 3.5 (D3)
Construction has developed and evolved in terms of innovative construction methods and contracts
Innovative construction methods and creating the applicable system assistance also project the necessary planning considering the Predictive Software, Photovoltaic glaze, Self-healing concrete, Modular Construction, 3D Modelling and Predictive Software.
The design approaches, new material management with energy supply and follows the applicable work process advancement also concentrates on the wave of innovative construction methods with exciting development.
The engaged work criteria has followed the wide work based engagement that connects with directive planning approaches with the exposure of future work supportiveness. The applicable design procedure and managing the further design integration concentrates on the technological prospect in a better way. In this aspect, the technological innovation also need to consider so that the improved quality and lowering down the material cost can able to access in this segment. 3D printed different construction and considering the suitable monitoring procedure can consider the further association based of systematic work channel and long term growth direction. Moreover, the preconstruction approaches engage with the virtual reality based assistance that can support the further work procedure.
Task 4.1 (P9)
Explaining health and safety as integrated part of construction process
The notions of health and safety within the premises of the construction processes tend to play an important role. Hence, the integration of health and safety within the premises of the construction projects manifests the definite ways and methods that need to be acquired in order to facilitate the aspects of construction processes (Zaira&Hadikusumo, 2017).
One of the major aspects those are associated with the integration of health and safety lies in the fact that, it is a high risk workplace and tends to possess a high risk at work. Activities like demolition, building and road work tends to present varied risks effectively. Hence, the presence of proper health and safety procedures need to be introduced in an effective manner. On the other hand, statistics have shown the fact that, over 3% of the construction worker within the construction industry tends to sustain a work related injury and often results in a huge loss in wrecking hours (Teizer&Melzner, 2018).
However, the initiation of proper health and safety regulations within the premise of the construction industry will further help in understanding the magnitude of safety that needs to be assessed in an effective manner. Hence, from this definite point of view, it can be propagated that, the aspects of integrated health and safety regulations will eventually helps in carrying out the necessary methods and processes that the construction industry needs to take into account (Fewings&Henjewele, 2019).
Task 4.2 (P10)
Describing government legislation which has benchmarked health and safety within construction
The presence of government regulation and legislation within the construction industry is perhaps one of the significant attributes of rule that needs to be prevalent in an industry, where a risk of life and death prevails. The importance of these definite government regulations further helps these construction projects to be able to obey certain aspects of construction and their working activities (Ashworth &Perera, 2018). Hence, the government legislations are as follows:
? It is to be noted that, the principal piece of legislation that affects the contracting process is also applicable to the industry. One such legislation is the Health and Safety at Work, etc Act 1974 (HSWA). This definite act imposes a duty on all the construction employees to effectively ensure the motions of reasonable practice of health and safety as well as the welfare of the working process of all the employees.
? In the area of contracts in the construction process, the Construction and Regeneration Act 1996 is also associated with the health and safety notions of the construction industry and the work processes (Saunders et al. 2016).
Task 4.3 (P11)
Discussing the role of collaboration and communication in ensuring safe working practices
The presence of collaboration as well as the initiation of proper modes of communication can also be considered responsible towards the ensuring of safe working practices effectively. It is to be noted that, it is important to have a very strong collaborative team that helps in the initiation of unity within the premises of the construction working process (Hepp et al. 2015). Hence, the following aspects can be considered effective in the role of collaboration towards ensuring safe working practices;
? Collaboration within the working process in the construction industry helps in the improvement of worker safety effectively.
? With the help of collaboration, it so happens that, it helps in the association of better coordination in an effective manner.
? The improvement of emergency response is another significant role of collaboration in the construction industry.
On the other hand, it is also important to be able to understand the importance of communication win order to ensure the notions of safe working practice in an effective manner.hence, the following aspects are considered to play an important role when it comes to communication and are as follows:
? With the help of initiation of proper modes of communication, it becomes easy and movement for the employee of the construction industry to be able to define definite goals and expectations that are carried out by the companies.
? The improvement of team building and development is another significant attribute of effective communication in the construction industry (Reeves et al. 2017).
Task 4.4 (M4)
Demonstration on how the construction industry has benefited through changes in health and safety legislation
The definite ways with the help of which the construction industry can be benefited with the help of health and safety legislation are as follows:
? The construction companies need to make safety their first priority
? It is important to provide an extensive training to the employees of the company in an effective manner.
? With the help of getting feedback from the employees, the construction companies can understand the extent to which the companies have managed to incorporate their health and safety methods (Doppelt, 2017).
Task 4.5 (D4)
Evaluation of the impact of health and safety legislation and its evolvement, advantages or weaknesses within construction
It cannot be denied that, the notions of health and safety is considered a significant concern in the construction industry. Hence, it is important to understand the impact of health and safety legislation and their benefits and weaknesses within construction industry. It is to be noted that, the effectiveness of health and safety in the construction industry can be further enhanced with the help of repositioning the health of the workers within the entire community. As a result of the initiation of health and safety legislation, it becomes easy and convenient to be able to carry out safety processes for the employees working for the construction industry in an effective manner (Saunders et al. 2016).
Assemble several works and allow the long term prospect can manage to focus on the customization aspect so that the various activities can able to accomplish as well. Moving the machinery and follows the suitable transportation segment is also a significant criterion that is getting practiced in the modern construction industry for gaining sustainability.