Qualification - Higher National Certificate/Diploma in Construction and the Built Environment

Unit Name - Individual Project

Unit Number - Unit 01

Assignment Title - The potential for Modern Methods of Construction (MMC) to transform the industry& the Application of MMC to a residential hospital project

Learning Outcome 1: Formulate a project that will provide a solution to an identified problem.

Learning Outcome 2: Manage a project within agreed timescales and specification, documenting the process throughout.

Learning Outcome 3: Evaluate potential project management solutions.

Learning Outcome 4: Produce a project report and deliver a presentation of the final project outcomes.

Assignment Brief:

Scenario: "Residential Hospital in Derbyshire"

The construction industry must help to build a world that will improve the lives of future generations and use eco-friendly methods. Working sustainably involves meeting demands of the expanding population, as well as supporting the environment in the long-term.

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Sustainable construction is significant for developing buildings and improving the lives of future generations through eco-friendly methods. The suggested floor plan depicts the hospital building that mainly includes different sections, such as the examination hall, dragon suppliers, and the business facility. This report focuses on the development of the hospital building of Derbyshire residential hospital. In this report, all the project lifecycle management and project management strategies, as well as stakeholder analysis, have been done, followed by communication and risk identification of this hospitality building development. The potential resources and cost, as well as the time scale, are also aligned with the construction sustainability demand also has been included in this report. In this report, all the compliances with the National health service and health technical memoranda, as well as health-building notes, have been provided to investigate the merits of offsite construction and the total impact of this project on sustainability.

Your final report should consider the overall project process and advise on project management solutions. The report should include the following:

Clearly set out the aims of your project. You should identify the main components of your project and define these in a clear project specification. In addition, you will need to explain why clear specification of the project is key to a successful outcome.

Scope of project
This project's scope is to develop the floor for the hospital building inside the residential hospital in Derbyshire. This project will be monitored by the project manager and assistant project manager, which tends to improve the sustainability of construction developments for accomplishing the hospital building floor. This project is expected to be completed within 43 months from the peak construction information to handover to the hospital. In the 43 months total, 43 different things need to be developed, and it is expected that all the excavation of pad foundation as well as sight clearance and tender analysis needs to be performed within a specific date, followed by the testing of different medical devices.

Project aim, objective, and deliverables
This project aimed to develop the floor for the main hospital building, which will help accommodate both doctors and patients and other business parts. Through sustainable construction development, the hospital can help more patients and provide good services to diagnose the patients more effectively.

This project aims to construct 4000 square foot hospital buildings inside the residential hospital of Derbyshire by focusing on National health services and health technical memoranda as well as health building notes. This hospital will contain four different state-of-the-art patient examination centres followed by an employee lounge. It will also contain a business area, dark supplies, and a medical laboratory to create the patient effectively inside the hospital. On the other hand, the hospital floor will also contain a phone and server storage, followed by and doctor's office and toilet for staff. The sustainable construction and the green aspects of building construction will widely contribute to the community and result in a new environment and economic benefits for conserving the resources. This construction of hospital buildings also highlights the integration of sustainable construction quotes and design to attract the patience and physicians into the medical area.

The critical delivery of this construction project is to develop a new floor that will replace the existing medical facility and bring extensive care units for all the patients. As they are different types of facilities are present, which will allow the doctors and physicians to deliver high-quality medical support.

Develop your project work through an iterative process. The first idea is seldom the best idea and all ideas can be developed further. You should keep notes of the process and your progress throughout the project in a Logbook or reflective journal. The Logbook should include a summary of the project developments and the research you have carried out every week (with dates), and summary of the progress meetings you had with the unit tutor. This will be submitted as part of your final report and serves as an important record of your development process.

Project lifecycle management

The project concept or pre-construction information has been elaborated during the project initiation phase. It has been identified that from the development of this project, more and more patients could get medical facilities, and the physician can effectively deliver the best health care services to the patient. Sustainable construction development is challenging as there are several things involved. First of all, it will be very much essential to identify the importance of the project and hospital and physician. It will be necessary as the floor plan is diverse and allows the physician to test the patients. It is also essential to discuss with the stakeholders and hospital management to understand and obtain the budget. The sustainability construction equipment needs to be implemented, followed by a proper floor plan. The project managers also need to discuss with the hospital management board for obtaining the budget and analysing the requirement for effectively delivering the project within the specific time frame.

It has been identified that the suggested floor plan must have different types of rooms which will allow the physician to treat the patient properly. There will be two different entrances for patients and employees. After making the first entrance, there will be a patient lounge where the patient can wait. After the patient lounge, four examination centres will be present where the doctor and other physicians will make all the diagnoses. There will be a drug and supplies room, storage facility, and bathroom. It is expected that the total project will be delivered within 43 months. In the design stage, 20 days have been presented, followed by a tender analysis which will help to give the project professional contractors who can meet all the sustainable guidelines of green construction.

The construction of this hospital floor will be started from the ground testing, and after that, the excavation process will be created to lay down the pad foundation. The bad foundation will be laid on Rock and sand; after that, excavating services and a drainage system will be installed. After making the Steel frame, the concrete will be poured, and the concrete pillar will be developed to support the overall structure. After making the walls and metal, the floor cavity insulation will be done, followed by the Steel frame roof. After developing the top, staircases and plasterboard walls will be made to separate the rooms for the examination hall and doctors' office. Furthermore, all the electrical and mechanical units will be installed, and all the electrical services will be tested.

The project performance will be measured through different categories, such as the cost and risk of the overall project. As it is a construction project, therefore, a high price is involved. This construction will be run on a populated area, and the precise performance requirement is mainly based on cost, capacity, durability, and strength of the overall construction structure. During the construction phase of the building, all the material will be used from scrap, and it is estimated total hospital development will be completed within 10 million and Asphalt, the staff accommodation of 50k per person will be allocated. It will be essential not to exceed all the selected parameters as it can directly impact the construction budget.


For effective monitoring, the whole construction Gantt chart has been used, and 43 different tasks have been prepared in the Gantt chart. On the other hand, the task duration has also been appropriately implemented. By following this project timeline, all the projects will be completed. The project manager and assistant project manager will monitor the overall project timeline so that the construction phase does not get too long.

You should try your best to comply with the National Health Service (NHS) Health Technical Memoranda (HTMs), Health Building Notes (HBN) and Building Regulation Approved Documents. Your report should also investigate the merits of offsite construction and its impact on the sustainability of the project.

During the development of the project, you are asked to identify the potential resources, costs and timescale required to implement the chosen solution aligned with the sustainability demands. You should describe a range of appropriate techniques for generating realistic potential solutions to the overall project management. You should also apply some of these techniques to prepare and update your project management plan, using standard systems of time and resource tracking.

As part of the project process, you have been asked to evaluate the relationship between project identification, feasibility, and project planning, with consideration of the impact of project scope on time and resources.

As project management is critical to project success, you are asked to explore different project management strategies and their suitability for this project. Following this analysis, select your preferred strategy to use and justify your choice making reference to your initial project specification.

Compare the outcomes of your initial planned resources, timescales, and costs against actual outcomes.

As your report may be shared with clients, it is critical that appropriate forms of referencing and citation are used throughout.

You are asked to present your final project outcomes to the company board of directors using industry-standard software. The presentation should be around 10 minutes long and recorded.

You will need to reflect on the success of this project and your own performance. This should be done in the form of a written reflection, which should be included in your final report. The reflection should also be part of your project presentation (e.g., the last slide in your PowerPoint presentation). Your reflection should address the following criteria:

What did you aim to achieve through your work?
Did your work succeed in achieving your aims? How do you know?
What aspects of your development process do you think worked well and why? Evaluate all aspects of the project (e.g., initial research, concept development, development process, presentation, etc.) from a range of perspectives.
What problems emerged during the project and how were they tackled? Was there timely identification of issues and resolution during the project process?
What did you learn from undertaking the project?
What are the strengths and weaknesses of your process that you have identified?
How could your process improve for the future?

Project management strategy and method
This project focused on developing a community hospital in Derbyshire and hospital, and the hospital will be four-story, and each floor will have a similar floor plan. This project is expected to be completed within September 2023. Thus,this project needs to be completed within the expected time scale and within the expected budget, which will require strategic planning. This hospital construction is differentiated into different activities, including the pre-construction phase and the construction phase, which are further divided into different substages, including clearance of the site and ground testing as well as excavation and installation of pad foundation. After the constitution phase, additional infrastructure requirements are also needed to be fulfilled; thus, suitably completing this construction project will require managing a large team of ex-parties at a different time as per the requirements of consumption. Therefore, considering agile project management methodology can allow completing this project on time and within the expected time scale. Agile project management methodology focuses on mitigating the issues through different stages of the project, thus limiting significant changes in the project. As suggested by Thesing et al. (2021), agile project management methodology allows defining the vision and mission of a project based on which otherproject activities are designed. The application of agile project management methodology providesan opportunity to identify gaps in project activities, including factors creating gaps in communication and collaboration, and budgetary issues. This project has focused on incorporating sustainable measures. It is needed to ensure that all construction employees can utilise the suitable construction technologies and materials to complete the construction. The project is required to be completed by considering compliance with building regulation approved documents and health technical memorandum considering agile project management methodology can help to ensure high compliance with this regulatory document in terms of better transparency in project management approaches. As per this project management methodology, five stages are needed to be considered for completing this project, including Envision, speculation, and exploration. The last two phases per this project management methodology include adaptation and closure of the project.
During the first phase, as per agile project management methodology, the conceptualisation of planning is done based on projected needs and deliverables. As suggested by Goh et al. (2020), sustainable construction is for the cause of maintaining harmony between the building specification and the environment. Thus, while planning, the primary focus will be onensuring waste management and the reuseof construction materials. Further stages per this project management methodology include proper monitoring of the project management team and documentation along with the project closure. Locations also include assisting the project management team in adapting to the changes.

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Stakeholder analysis
This project has focused onconstructing a hospital in an accommodation area of Derbyshire. Thus, the stakeholders of this project will include health service providers, including doctors, further local authorities, and NHS, as well as project management employees and construction staff who fall under the stakeholders of this project. Further services used in the local areas will be stakeholders of this project. As suggested by Nguyen et al. (2018), conflict among stakeholders can impair project outcomes. Thus, it is evident that as per the difference in power and interest, stakeholder communication and management plan are needed to be made. Based on stakeholder power and influence maps, stakeholders of this project can be placed as per their power and influence over project management specification and outcome. This power distance map signifies the importance of managing stakeholders in keeping satisfied, managing closely, monitoring, and keeping informed.

Government authority, NHS, and local people and investors will be needed to be kept satisfied as these stakeholders will have high power and low influence. Due to high intensity, these stakeholders can change project plans as well as change project specifications though these stakeholders have less influence over the project; however, the lack of engagement of these stakeholders can lead to failure to achieve the desired outcome. As mentioned by de Oliveira and Rabechini Jr (2019) power of stakeholders influences organisational decisions, and thus, it becomes necessary to address stakeholders' needs. In this current project, the project management employees based on different project activities including construction team and designing are needed to manage closely as they will have the high power and strong influence as all the activities are going to be completed by them. On the other hand, investors are needed to be monitored for this project in terms of the availability of flow of finance. The further trust of this project and local authorities, as well as advertisement services providers, must be kept informed in this project.

Communication plan
Communication while managing a project play a vital role in ensuring the successful sharing of information. In this project, the primary stakeholder will be the investors. Project management employees and patient's whole are willing to access the services. Further health care professionals and the NHS, as well as the health ministry, will be considered stakeholders of this project. As mentioned by Zerfass et al. (2018), strategic communication during a project allows for completing a project within the expected time scale by ensuring fair sharing of information. The primary focus of communication in this project is to communicate about the project progress and the next steps of the project to avoid the occurrence of significant changes during the last part of the project. The communication plan needed to be followed as per stakeholder specifications in this project is as follows


Information to be communicated

 Mode of communication

Time of communication

Responsible person

Government and ministry of health

 Progress of the project

 Through email and report of project status

Every month

Project manager

Health care professionals

Specification going to be available in the hospital and requirements of the professional as well as the prioritized services

 Through email and face-to-face communication both

During the last five months of the project when there will be a need to recruit doctors and other healthcare professionals.

Project manager

 Project management team

 Progress in the project and activities needed to be completed in the project

Through face-to-face discussion

 Everyday face to face discussion or meeting will be arranged to understand the progress of the project

Project management and team leaders


 Project progress and availability of medical facilities in the newly built hospital

 Through emails and status report

After every month regarding the specification in hospital

Project management team

 Investors and local authority

Need for resources and the cost associated with managing the project

Through email and face-to-face communication

 After completion of every significant task on an average of after every second month

 The project management team and trusty of the project

Table 1: Communication plan

The above communication plan signifies the standard method needed to be followed tomeet stakeholders' expectations and requirements. Based on the importance of information going to be shared and stakeholders' power mode of communication has been selected, primarily face-to-face communication has been prioritised in this communication plan. Face-to-face communication plays a crucial role in maintaining contact during a project. As suggested by Ali et al. (2018), communication during a project management environment ensures the availability of knowledge sharing for completing a project as per project needs. Thus, prioritising face-to-face contact in this project has provided an opportunity to complete this project within the expected timescale to ensure faster project completion.

Risk identification and mitigation
This project is going to be completed within a time scale of nearly two years. Thus, it becomes necessary to complete this project within the time scale and within a limited budget without exceeding it. However, certain factors can create significant risks for this project which are needed to be solved through strategic planning. Thus, the risk identification and mitigation plan for this project are as follows.






Strategy to mitigate


Environmental risks include disruption in work due to weather changes

Sudden rain and stormy situations or overheating can impair the quality of the project as well as the impair quality of the material used




Developing the time scale considering the seasonal changes and potentiality of poor weather conditions and rescheduling as per the severity of the weather 

Three months

 Exceeding budget

High costs of sustainable construction resources and construction techniques can lead to difficulty in completing the project  within the expected budget scale




This threat can be mitigated by considering the preparation of the budget as per project requirements and project specification

Four months

Exceeding the time scale for the project

This project is differentiated into different parts; thus, this project  can take a longer time to complete in case of breach of information or breach of collaboration within team




 The project can be subdivided into small activities and thus preparing a limited deadline for the tasks to be completed considering weather events. It will help to reduce gaps in project activities as per time

Three months

 Lack of engagement of project team members

 Project team members of this project are expected to belong from the different streams of expertise. In this case, there is a moderate to high chance of occurrence of poor collaboration in this project




 Team charter can be maintained within which earache staff are recommended to follow a specific time scale and teamactivities while working on this project

Four months

Table 2: Risk management table
This risk register signifies that there can be several issues during this project, and the primary risk will be the weather events. Thus, to avoid such weather events, the time scale can be prepared by exceeding one or two months, and extreme water will impact the quality of the construction structure. Further exceeding budget and lack of collaboration between employees leading to poor project output can be considered a severe issue in this project. Further budget is also an essential factor in this project.

Project timeline
The selected duration of this project is 614 days, and 43 different tasks will be completed during this project timeline. First, it is essential to prepare the substructure within one day; after that, the total site clearance must be made within 21 days. After making the full site clearance, excavation will be started, which will continue for seven days. After that, leveling and compaction of the building will be done, followed by a concrete strip foundation for the next five days. It is expected that the sewage network installation and external services duct will be installed within 21 days, followed by a damp proofing course for the next ten days. After installing initial things, the superstructure will be made, followed by a ground beam and timber frame. Andar hand installing care cases will require another 15 days, and the plasterboard and external door window installation must be completed within 28 days. After preparing all the core things, it is essential to install the electrical and mechanical units to deliver effective hospitality services. After implementing all these things inside the floor, fire alarms will be installed, and it is expected to take no more than 30 days, and testing will require another 30 days. After that, all the BMS systems will be installed, followed by all the fixtures and fittings. The testing of the medical services needs to be done within 14 days, and the snagging and de-snagging process will take another 14 days. After making all the inspections, it is expected that the deep cleaning will be done within the next seven days. During this stage, all the project requirements are expected to be completed, and the handover process will take another 14 days after checking all the leakages and service operations.

The hospital will serve more than 1000 people daily, and the initial space requirements have been made at ten sqm per person. The total floor area will be 4000 sqm as the whole building floor will be made on four different levels, and each group will contain a floor space of 1000 sqm.

Budget steps

Cost (£)

Estimated price per person (£50k * 1000)


The average price of construction


The average cost for developing the hospital floor

£ 100000



Excavation costs


Laying down the concrete foundation


Making the steel frame and metal docking with the floor


Design and development


Installing the foundations


Developing the concrete roofs


Setting up the cardboard partition


Installing the roof services and first fixing mechanical services


Installing the satire cases and lift shaft


Doors and windows and plasterboard


Installing internal doors and windows, electrical units


Installing the mechanical units


Flooring and fixtures


Testing the fire alarm systems and decorating with painting and wall care


Deep cleaning and snagging


The total cost of developing the building


Purchasing of hospital machinery


The final cost of the construction


Table 3: Budget of the project

From this budget, it can be identified that the estimated total budget has been made at £50000000, and it is expected that within the given timeframe of 43 months, no more than £47140000 will be required. However, the rest of the budget has been allocated to purchasing different hospitality machinery to serve the patients.

Thus, it can be concluded that completing this project through a sustainable method will require the presence of both human resource and materialistic resources that ensures the completion of sustainable building. With the help of agile project management methodology, significant project errors can be avoided. Further, there can be significant risks associated with the project, including exceeding budget due to high-cost resources and equipment for sustainable building. This project is going to be computed withintwo years. Thus there will be a high risk of exceeding the budget. Each of the stakeholders of this project needs to be communicated with and collaborated with to avoid a lack of stakeholder engagement.


Recommendation 1: Ensuring supplier engagement to mitigate issues of lack of resource availability
While completing this project, it becomes necessary to identify the suppliers who can provide the appropriate resources within a limited time. Thus, to ensure supplier engagement, it becomes essential to communicate with suppliers and understand their needs. Based on the supplier's need, further specifications in the supply chain can be altered to ensure the desired material flow (Larsson and Larsson, 2020). It also becomes necessary to ensure communication with suppliers and more than one supply source to avoid a breach in supply.

Recommendation 2: Ensuring weather resistance material to avoid a gap in construction
Weather can be considered to be a significant barrier in this project; thus, in this case, weather-resistant resources can be regarded to complete this project. As per weather specifications, cement and other resources must be selected. As per weather specifications, the time of casting and other core construction activities are needed to be desired (Afshar and Wood, 2020). Using weather-resistant materials can also help to minimize maintenance costs as weather resistance will lead to minimal damage to walls and other structural components of a building. Thus, following this strategy can help to manage costs.







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Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria




LO1 Formulate a project that will provide a solution to an identified problem.

LO1 and LO2

D1 Evaluate the relationship between project identification, feasibility, and project planning, with consideration of the impact of project scope on time and resources

P1 Select an appropriate construction-based project, giving reasons for your choice.

M1 Explain why the project specification is of fundamental importance to a successful project outcome.

P2 Identify the main components of a project specification.

LO2 Manage a project within agreed timescales and specification, documenting the process throughout.

P3 Identify potential resources, costs, and timescales.

M2 Prepare and update a project management plan, using standard systems of time and resource tracking.

P4 Describe a range of appropriate techniques for generating realistic potential solutions.

LO3 Evaluate potential project management solutions.

LO3 and LO4

D2 Appraise your own performance in managing the project; draw conclusions and make recommendations that would further improve your performance in the future.

P5 Explore project management strategies to determine suitability for a given project.

M3 Compare the outcomes of your initial planned resources, timescales and costs against actual outcomes.

P6 Justify the selection of your preferred solution, making reference to your initial project specification.

LO4 Produce a project report and deliver a presentation of the final project outcomes.

P7 Produce a written report identifying each stage of the project.

M4 Present your final project outcomes and recommendations to a selected audience.

P8 Utilise appropriate forms of referencing and citation in the preparation of a written report.

P9 Prepare a presentation of your final project outcomes, utilising industry standard software.

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