Employability and enterprise
This essay discusses about the nature of the labour market while we discuss the statistic of the labour market. The national labour market of UK has been discussed in the first part moving on to the second part where we elaborate the labour market in the manufacturing industry in UK. In the last section of this essay the skills and competencies required by the labours to sustain in this competitive market have been well discussed.
The national labour market
UK labour market generally comprises of the people aged in between 16 and 64 with varying number in case of women being 16 to 59. The working class in UK is gradually shrinking as more and more people are getting into studies after the age of 16 and thus there has been a shift in the age from 16 to 18.The labour market or the working force if the UK market is concentrated in the large organizations where there is a requirement of both skilled and unskilled labour in various levels of the organization.
The UK labour market comprises of labours working in the
- The fishing industry
- Transport storage and communication industry
- Public administration and defence Industry
- Mining and quarrying
- Health and social work
- Wholesale and retail trade industry
The personal qualities and skills that a person should possess in a labour market are
- Communication skills
- Willingness to learn
- Flexibility and adaptability
- Commercial awareness
- Team working
- Interpersonal skills
People in the UK market are becoming busy day by day thus the need for flexible workplace as well as work schedule is increasing. The labour market in UK is growing as more and more people are switching or grabbing part time as well as internship opportunities to manage their time and expenses. The structure of the industry is changing the work hours as well as the work efficiency if people with the boom. In certain retail outlets as well as industries operating in nigh as well the work timings have changed from just 9 to 5 to shifts of work where the entire customer service industry is working all day round.
Labour market in manufacturing industry
The industry chosen is the food manufacturing industry in UK. Food manufacturing industry refers to the industry which deals with food productions, processing and thus marketing of food products. The food manufacturing industry includes the agricultural section the fishing industry. The drinks and beverages and thus the entire food production unit of a country is formed. The food industry's not just in UK is effected by the bad results of the statistically studies done in the recent years which states that certain sectors of the industry serves as a very bad experience to the youth of today(Atkinson and Storey, 2016).
The meat industry as well as the fishery industry in some areas of UK provided very bad working conditions previously which increased the turnover rate. The food manufacturing industry in UK is highly reliant on the migrants of EU over the last decade. In the recent years the labour market in UK is projected to shrink as the labour shortage due to BREXIT as well as the due to the fact that a huge number of people i.e. the bay boomers are going to retire in the coming years and this will create a situation of drought in the UK labour market.
The food manufacturing industry along with agricultural industry accounts to about 3.9 million people being the EU migrants.
Skills and competencies required
The skills and competencies required in the chosen food manufacturing industry in UK can be categorized into three sections the generic skills, Personal attributes and the Vocational skills of the individual.
The generic skills can be further classified as the communication skills, interest in the business as well as the skills needed to work as a team. The personal skills required by the labour in the food manufacturing industry in UK can be stated as individual behaviour their ethics and the values they bring in with them in the industry (Enderwick, 2013).
The skills that are most importantly required by those working in the food manufacturing industries are food safety, hygiene, innovation in creation as well as production and other manual skills. The work of the food workers is generally classified as being unskilled but at certain levels the work becomes very specific and skilled as it requires management and incorporation of ideas.
The skills of the labour market need to be upgraded time and again along with training those at the initial stage for their work life. The high level skills in the food manufacturing units can be categorized in two ways the food engineering Skills and the food science skills.
The boom of globalization brought along with it changes in every industry and this requires those associated with the food manufacturing Industry to not just be efficient but fast in their work so as to serve the need of the market they're working for satisfactorily.
The food manufacturing industry in UK is working towards attracting more and more young people just after their graduation to be hired as are managers which is although termed as a fast and tough task but provide worthy remuneration fir the said work (Wilkinson, 2013).
This essay clearly states the labour market in UK in context of the food manufacturing industry in UK. The labour market in UK is expanding gradually as more and more people are being attracted by the policies incorporated by the companies and the various industries. The skills and competencies required have been discussed elaborately discussed keeping in every need of the industry as well as the situations which they have to handle and simultaneously the needs that would satisfy the same. Labour markets are the hub of workers in a particular industry as well as nation in question which is also considered as a resource along with capital land and technology by the economist.